The Serra Gaúcha is a mountainous region (the Gaúcha Highlands) located in the northeastern portion of the Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil was settled during the 19th century by German and Italian immigrants. While the Germans populated the lowlands the Italians populated the highlands. Both cultures are evident today, small towns that resemble German villages of long ago amidst the subtropical rain forest while vineyards can be seen flowing over the highlands where the Italian immigrants began planting vines back in 1875. German and Italian languages are still spoken in these areas and their heritage is reflected in the architecture, gastronomy, and culture.
Serra Gaúcha accounts for 90% of Brazil’s wine production with a temperate climate between 54 degrees in winter and 72 degrees in summer. Generally, the wines are fresh and well-balanced. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Tannat, Ancellota, Pinot Noir, Riesling ItÃ¡lico, Chardonnay, Prosecco, Moscato and Malvasia varietals are grown in this region.
The sub-region of Vale dos Vinhedos is located near the town of Bento Gonçalves in the area north of Porto Alegre and was the first region of Brazil with official geographical indication certification. The soil is comprised of basalt bedrock, classified as sandy-clay soil parcels with a temperate climate. Combined, the soil composition and temperate climate preserve the flavor profile of the grapes and enhances the best features such as finesse and elegance, typical varietal flavor components, and complexity. Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Tannat, are grown here. Lidio Carraro Quorum and Angus Merlot fruit is cultivated here.